The result of lower temperatures is increased torque due to improved volumetric efficiency. Misfire detection: This strategy monitors crankshaft speed fluctuations and determines if a misfire occurs by variations in speed between each crankshaft sensor trigger point. Do not use these products indoors or near any source of heat, sparks or flame. Separate fuel line support bracket at rear of intake manifold. Even a thin layer of dust containing conductive acid salts can cause battery discharge. Windshield wiper blade maintenance Common problems with the windshield wipers include streaking or sheeting, water drops after wiping, and blade chatter.
If the water coats the paint in smooth sheets instead of forming beads that roll off, a new coat of wax is needed. For more information on jack stands, see Tools. See 410 Fenders, Engine Hood. Note: When belts are replaced with new ones, store the old set in the luggage compartment for emergency use. See microfilter, replacing Open wiring harness loom A , remove harness and lay aside.
Replacement of oxygen sensors at the specified intervals ensures that the engine and emission control system will continue to operate as designed. The coolant is fed from the coolant pump through a cast coolant feed passage to the rear of the cylinder head. Two or three different sizes of each type will be required, since a screwdriver of the wrong size will damage the screw head. Using a tire chuck, blow fuel back through feed line using a brief burst of compressed air maximum of 3 bar or 43. Tie long hair and secure it under a cap.
Always unscrew fuel tank cap to release pressure in the tank before working on the tank or lines. Note: In order to automatically clear a catalyst damaging fault from memory, the condition under which the fault occurred must be evaluated for 80 consecutive drive cycles without the fault reoccurring. Check that the cable moves freely. This reduces engine performance noticeably. Inspection I tasks are listed in Table b. The towing eye can be screwed into the front or rear bumper. This is why brake fluid should be flushed from the system every two years.
Keep a fire extinguisher handy. Note: In this step, mass air flow sensor remains attached to rubber air duct. Though they might not be crucially important components such as your car or truck's suspension, the less crucial features of your car or truck are quite important to getting the full pleasure from the vehicle you spend so much time and money on. Remove bolts at support bracket on strut tower arrows. Was able to do a lot of suspension and drivetrain work because of this manual. Clean terminal posts and cable clamps with a wire brush.
The terminals, the cable clamps, and the battery case should be free of the white deposits that indicate corrosion and acid salts. This research showed that the most common cause of a glowing Check Engine light is a bad oxygen sensor. A fluorescent type light is best because it gives off less heat. Use a board or other support to provide a firm surface for the jack, if necessary - Raise car slowly while constantly checking position of jack and car. This will help protect against corrosion and the effects of moisture in the fluid.
Make sure the car finish is clean so that dirt under the cover does not scratch the finish. Using a socket or box wrench, loosen drain plug at oil drain pan. Plug all open fuel lines. Note: Fuel trim refers to adjustments to base fuel schedule. The current needed to hold the temperature of the film constant is the basis of the electronically converted voltage measurement corresponding to the mass of the intake air. Fluids and lubricants Fluid Approximate Specification capacity Engine oil with filter change Rear wheel drive 6. Drain radiator into a 3-gallon pail by removing plastic drain plug completely arrow.
To make a quick check of the battery charge, measure the voltage across the battery terminals with all cables attached and the ignition off. Always use a solder made specifically for electrical work rosin core. Clean brake pad contact points in calipers. The cylinder head employs a crossflow design for greater power and efficiency. While reading, one could disassemble and reassemble an S54 engine.
Cylinder block and crankshaft The cylinder block is cast aluminum alloy AlSi9Cu3 with cast iron cylinder liners. Check that brake hoses are correctly routed to avoid chafing or kinking. Disconnect electrical harness connector at idle speed control valve arrow. Inspect rigid lines for corrosion, dents, or other damage. Be sure to read the filling and draining procedure, as special service equipment is required to check the fluid level. General bolt tightening torques in Nm max.
Detach fuel injector electrical connectors from injectors: Use small screwdriver to pry one corner of wire lock clip on fuel injector 1 connector. Locking pliers such as the Vise-Grip® are useful because of their tight grip. Do not rely on the fuel gauge as it may be faulty. Lift tank and disconnect electrical connections to pump and to washer fluid level sensor. Note: See 340 Brakes for more brake fluid information.